Adopting a child is quite an intensive process to go through as there are respective jurisdictions or laws that you have to consider before taking in that kid for the long run. If you are up for a closed adoption, then you are preventing the adopted kid from making any sort of contact to their biological parents in this case. Open adoption on the other hand is the exact opposite of this, as that adopted child is allowed to make some sort of contact to their biological blood. Although, this arrangement is not permanent, and can be changed to a close adoption at any given moment.
One way for kids to end up at a child adoption agency, is for their biological parents to not be capable enough to provide for them in a constant basis. Single motherhood which is generally unaccepted by a number of countries out there could be one reasoning as to why these kids are put in child adoption agencies throughout the first initial growing years in their life. Abandoned delinquents as well are also taken in so that they would learn more from the world out there through a new family that could take care of them. There are even parents that abuse their offspring therefore giving up their rights to take care of them in the process. It is a definite probability for these kids to get some foster care established so that they could potentially have the family that they are looking for. If those parents involved could not find the perfect deal or solution to strike in the scenario, then it is inevitable for them to have their child be put into some child custody agency. Death of the biological parents could also be reason enough for these kids to seek a new home that could provide for them long-term.
Adoption is said to give newfound chances for kids to have a new and happier life especially for those who have undergone through varying degrees of abuse and neglect in the process. Reasons way back when as to why children are kept under foster protection is the fact that their respective parents have to resolve the lingering case that they have in terms of their history in addiction, mental illnesses, or even domestic violence. On the other side, children are not given the chances to keep on transferring foster homes as this may violate the trust that they have put out in their outer shell.
An interview is always set once a potential parent or family would look into the adoption of a child to their own domain. Medical, criminal, and financial records have to be checked to ensure the viability of these people to go about with the process at the end of the day.