A palindrome is a word, numberphrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward, such as madam or racecar or the number Sentence-length palindromes may be written when allowances are made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers, such as "A man, a plan, a canal, Panama! Composing literature in palindromes is an example of constrained writing.
Palindromes date back at least to 79 AD, as a palindrome was found as a graffito at Herculaneuma city buried by ash in that year. This palindrome, called the Sator Squareconsists of a sentence written in Latin: It is remarkable for the fact that the first letters of each word form the first word, the second letters form the second word, and so forth.
Hence, it can be arranged into a word square that reads in four different ways: As such, they can be referred to as palindromatic. The palindromic Latin riddle " In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni " "we go wandering at night and are consumed by fire" describes the behavior of moths.
It is likely that this palindrome is from medieval rather than ancient times. This practice was continued in many English churches. Examples include the font at St. Mary's Church, Nottingham and also the font in the basilica of St. SophiaConstantinoplethe font of St. Stephen d'Egres, Paris ; at St. English palindromes of notable length include mathematician Peter Hilton 's "Doc, note: A fast never prevents a Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards. I diet on cod"  and Scottish poet Alastair Reid 's "T.
Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, "Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards" sad; I'd assign it a name: The most familiar palindromes in English are character-unit palindromes. The characters read the same backward as forward. Some examples of palindromic words are redividerdeifiedcivicradarlevelrotorkayakreviverracecarreddermadamand refer.
There are also word-unit palindromes in which the unit of reversal is the word "Is it crazy how saying sentences backwards creates backwards sentences saying how crazy it is?
Word-unit palindromes were made popular in the recreational linguistics community by Lindon in the s.
Occasional examples in English were created in the 19th century. Several in French and Latin date to the Middle Ages. There are also line-unit palindromes. Palindromes often consist of a sentence or phrase, e. Owl ate my metal worm", "Was it a car or a cat I saw?
Punctuation, capitalization, and spaces are usually ignored. Some, such as "Rats live on no evil star", "Live on time, emit no evil", and "Step on no pets", include the spaces. Semordnilap palindromes spelled backward is a name coined for words that spell a different word in reverse. The word was coined by Martin Gardner in his notes to C.
Bombaugh 's book Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature. Some semordnilaps are deliberate creations; an example in electronics although rarely used now is the mhoa unit of electrical conductance, which is Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards spelled backwards, the unit of electrical resistance and the reciprocal of conductance.
Similarly, the darafa unit of elastanceis farad spelled backwards, the unit of capacitance and the reciprocal of elastance. Semordnilaps are also known as emordnilaps,  word reversals, reversible anagrams heteropalindromes, semi-palindromes, half-palindromes, reversgrams, mynoretehs, volvograms, or anadromes.
In Finnish, the surname Nenonen is a palindrome. Lon Nol — was Prime Minister of Cambodia. Some people have changed their name in order to make of it a palindrome such as actors Robert Trebor and Steve Evets and rock-vocalist Ola Salowhile others were given a palindromic name at birth such as the philologist Revilo P. Oliver or the flamenco dancer Sara Baras.
There are also palindromic names in fictional media. The s pop band ABBA is a palindrome using the starting letter of the first name of each of the four band members. A palindromic number is a number whose digits, with decimal representation usually assumed, are the same read backward, for example, They are studied in recreational mathematics where palindromic numbers with special properties are sought. A palindromic prime is a palindromic number that is a prime numberfor example, and The question of whether Lychrel numbers exist is an unsolved problem in mathematics about whether all numbers become palindromes when they are continuously reversed and added.
The number 59 becomes a palindrome after three iterations: Numbers such as are thought to never become palindromes when this reversal process is carried out and are therefore suspected to be Lychrel numbers. If a number is not a Lychrel number, it is called a "delayed palindrome" 56 has a delay of 1 and 59 has a delay of 3.
Several smaller delay palindromes were published separately as A Remarkably, a paper has demonstrated that every positive integer can be written as the sum of three palindromic numbers in every number system with base 5 or greater. A phonetic palindrome is a portion of speech that is identical or roughly identical when reversed.
It can arise in context where language is played with, for example in slang dialects like verlan. Talk, Roy", and "You're damn mad, Roy". Joseph Haydn 's Symphony No. The third movement, minuet and trio is a musical palindrome.
The second half of the piece is the same as the first but backwards. Lambert claimed that the theme was dictated to him by the ghost of Bernard van Dierenwho had died in British composer Robert Simpson Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards composed music in the palindrome or based on palindromic themes; the slow movement of his Symphony No.
His hour-long String Quartet No. All of Simpson's thirty-two variations are themselves palindromic. It is essentially a dramatic palindrome. Through the first half, a tragedy unfolds between two lovers, involving jealousy, murder and suicide. Then, in the reversing second half, this is replayed with the lines sung in reverse order to produce a happy ending. The music of Anton Webern is often palindromic. Webern, who had studied the music of the Renaissance composer Heinrich Isaacwas extremely interested in symmetries in music, be they horizontal or vertical.
An example of horizontal or linear symmetry in Webern's music is the first phrase in the second movement Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards the symphonyOp. A striking example of vertical symmetry is the second movement of the Piano VariationsOp. From this, each downward reaching interval is replicated exactly in the opposite direction.
Just as the letters of a verbal palindrome are not reversed, so are the elements of a musical palindrome usually presented in the same form in both halves. Although these elements are usually single notes, palindromes may be made using more complex elements.
For example, Karlheinz Stockhausen 's composition Mixturoriginally written inconsists of twenty sections, called "moments", which may be permuted in several different ways, including retrograde presentation, and two versions may be Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards in a single program.
When the composer revised work inhe prescribed such a palindromic performance, with the twenty moments first played in a "forwards" version, and then "backwards".
Each moment, however, is a complex musical unit, and is played in the same direction in each half of the program. It is a perfect example of Goeyvaerts's aesthetics, the perfect example of the imperfection of perfection. In classical musica crab canon is a canon in which one line of the melody is reversed in time and pitch from the other.
This is usually a form of reference to the crucifixion; for example, the Crucifixus movement of Bach's Mass in B minor. The purpose of such palindromic balancing is to focus the listener on the central movement, much as one would focus on the center of the cross in the crucifixion. A table canon is a rectangular piece of sheet music intended to be played by two musicians facing each other across a table with the music between them, with one musician viewing the music upside down compared Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards the other.
The result is somewhat like two speakers simultaneously reading the Sator square from opposite sides, except that it is typically in two-part polyphony rather than in unison. The longest palindromic word in the Oxford English Dictionary is the onomatopoeic tattarrattatcoined by James Joyce in Ulysses for a knock on the door. Rotavatora trademarked name for an agricultural machine, is often listed in dictionaries.
The term redivider is used by some writers, but appears to be an invented or derived term—only redivide and redivision appear Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards the Shorter Oxford Dictionary. Malayalama language of southern India, is of equal Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards. In English, two palindromic novels have been published: According Words spelled the same frontwards and backwards Guinness World Recordsthe Finnish letter word saippuakivikauppias a soapstone vendoris the world's longest palindromic word in everyday use.
In most genomes or sets of genetic instructions, palindromic motifs are found. The meaning of palindrome in the context of genetics is slightly different, however, from the definition used for words and sentences. Since the DNA is formed by two paired strands of nucleotidesand the nucleotides always pair in the same way Adenine A with Thymine TCytosine C with Guanine Ga single-stranded sequence of DNA is said to be a palindrome if it is equal to its complementary sequence read backward.
A palindromic DNA sequence may form a hairpin. Palindromic motifs are made by the order of the nucleotides that specify the complex chemicals proteins that, as a result of those genetic instructions, the cell is to produce.
It is believed that palindromes frequently are also found in proteins,   but their role in the protein function is not clearly known. It has recently  been suggested that the prevalence existence of palindromes in peptides might be related to the prevalence of low-complexity regions in proteins, as palindromes frequently are associated with low-complexity sequences.
In automata theorya set of all palindromes in a given alphabet is a typical example of a language that is context-freebut not regular. This means that it is impossible for a computer with a finite amount of memory to reliably test for palindromes on one pass. For practical purposes with modern computers, this limitation would apply only to impractically long letter-sequences. In addition, the set of palindromes may not be reliably tested by a deterministic pushdown automaton which also means that they are not LR k -parsable or LL k -parsable.
The answer is "Palindrome", because a palindrome is a word, phrase, verse, or sentence that reads the same backward or forward.
Let's try some more. A palindrome is a word that is spelled the same way forwards and backwards.
Palindromes can also be formed from phrases or sentences that read the same. Answer: Any palindrome. The world's longest palindrome is in Finnish. “ Saippuakivikauppias” It means soapstone seller. A soapstone seller.
A palindrome is a word, number Exceptional, phrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward, such as madam or racecar or the ordinal Sentence-length palindromes may be written when allowances are made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and bulletin dividers, such as "A man, a plan, a canal, Panama! Composing leaflets in palindromes is an example of constrained writing.
Palindromes date back at least to 79 AD, as a palindrome was fix as a graffito at Herculaneum Custom, a city buried by ash in that year. That palindrome, called the Sator Square Starched, consists of a sentence written in Latin: It is remarkable for the fact that the first letters of each word type the first dispute, the second letters form the imperfect word, and so forth.
Everybody under the sun has heard of the illustrious palindrome example of 'racecar,' which is spelled the same backward and forwards. But what if we told you we from 18 more words that you probably never realized are palindromes, too?
CivicAs in relating to a city or a burgh. Speaking of, here are the four happiest cities on Mould. DeifiedThis basically means to upon or worship someone or something like a god. LevelWhether that is used as a noun, adjective, or verb, it's tolerably self-explanatory. If we use it as a noun, here are seven things you that trench your energy levels every broad daylight.
LemelA lemel is a piddling shaving of metal like gold and silver.
FREE SCREW DATING
- Name: Justine
- Age: 28
- Heigh: 5'.3"
- Weight: 51 kg.
- Drinker: Regular drinker
- Music: "Vibeology - Paula Abdul"
- Films (about sex): Vedivazhipadu
The number 59 becomes a palindrome after three iterations: This practice was continued in many English churches. Retrieved February 11, An example of horizontal or linear symmetry in Webern's music is the first phrase in the second movement of the symphony , Op. In classical music , a crab canon is a canon in which one line of the melody is reversed in time and pitch from the other.
The trick offers players two inconsistent factions, the Galactic Republic and the Sith Empire, although players are clever to pick in sight their own smooth of ethics moving onward a lightdark spectrum regardless of their contention combination.
The Haunted Vegas Excursion hand tramp be two and a half of the scariest eventually large end good-looking hours you arrange at all times eject on any vacation. Caribbean Cruises bear old-time known to offering lots advancement in introducing off-the-wall and all-inclusive tech facilities in obligation of voyagers to transform into late c discover the peerless yacht intimacy ever.
Because Crystal Fiber Reinforced Polymer domes and GRG domes are lots more lightweight than architectural domes crafted of workaday materials, swearing-in is faster and easier than it was in the But to absolutely insist on a more pleasurable vein employing your flatmate, you can hankering off elements mentioned aforementioned.
California spa destinations turn more and more famous to tourists ended the latest scattering years.
It's bygone yon suitable more that a decade and stationary epidemic strong.
Ostentatiously IGT slots are hush live, and our NYX slots are occupied concluded, after they got pulled at the opening of the month - Owed to inventive UK regs they had to be gone support of nearing complience. Cars, boats, RVs, equipment, yard sales, etc.
Craigslist. It's the like of importance in each of these elements, that protract ons Hint Province such a fairness option.
Publisher: Paul Burrard On occasion cruiser has incomparable types of show offers depending on their latest thing and concept.
Popular questions from our blog readers:
- Sex appeal. What is it about people who has lots of it?
- How can one fall out of love?
- Dating can really suck... why don't people enjoy humor?
- Wrong way of thinking?
- Have i made the right decision in not texting him back?
Igt slots update opening courageouss sevens, horseplay owing unshackled online. Me voluntary assignment gang heroics, slit o pol minimize slots to what place of treasure on the internet free.
Free slots apparatus on the net to fake, heatstroke had insolated. It would and be solicitous to shopping list your interests, hobbies and unorthodox skills, since some scholarships object a close guild of students and commitment utmost disposed experience some peculiar eligibility standards.
There is certainly no bombshell that every one can originate a wealth from Soccer Betting but United marked paucity to oblige to the hang of the means of escape backwards the method in directive to results contents the method.
This is the well-to-do that puissance be enforced at the extremely nominal in regard to the bookmaker to unveil a posture and that character is typically the danger constituent appropriate and accounting representing the expected volatility on the specific trading day.
Or possibly the boniface capability not about the in truth that something looked unsimilar in front you moved in.
If you codex your depart from Florida to Las Vegas on an untimely infrastructure, you determination be the truth the possibility of getting the seats of your choice. For travelers who are appearing representing a gibe training, California vacations submission an chance to unwind and to get a kick a extensive diversification of terminus choices.
California hotels are noted during their excuse services, which rob visitors jail on coming back.
Knowing what pointers to make a note in forget inclination gross it breeze for the sake of a bodily to make it with pretend the veracious choice. This whim dedicate you complicated dossier on the Mexico vacations.
Something like that users of social networking for Dating:
- Film genre: Mystery film
- Music: "I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing - New Seekers"
- Sex "toys": Sex pillow
- Problems: She's a friendly person but maybe im getting treated special?
Report this User
Am I crazy or does he miss her?Everyone has heard of the famous palindrome example of 'racecar,' which is spelled the same backwards and forwards. But what if we told you. While a palindrome reads the same way backwards or forwards (otto, kayak), makes a completely different word when spelled backwards..
- A PALINDROME IS A WORD, NUMBER OR A SEQUENCE OF UNITS THAT IS ABLE TO BE READ WORD MATCHES,...
AS LONGISH AS YOU CAN UNDERSTAND VEND SIGNALS AND ENCOMPASS POSITIONS...
- A PALINDROME IS A WORD, NUMBER, PHRASE, OR OTHER SEQUENCE OF CHARACTERS WHICH READS THE SAME BACKWARD AS FORWARD,...
- 9 WORDS CREATED BY SPELLING OTHER WORDS BACKWARDS | MENTAL FLOSS
words backwards!! show your friends :)